From The Files of
Leonard Roy Frank
Leonard Roy Frank, born in Brooklyn in 1932, graduated from the
School of the
of Pennsylvania in 1954. While
committed to a private psychiatric facility near
San Francisco in 1963, he was forced to undergo 50
insulincoma and 35 electroconvulsive procedures, which caused him severe memory
loss, wiping out the preceding three-year-period and effectively destroying his
high school and college educations. Following years of study reeducating himself, he became
active in the psychiatric survivors movement first by becoming a staff member of
Madness Network News (1972) and then
co-founding Network Against Psychiatric Assault
(1974), both based in San Francisco and
and opposed to all forms of coercive, fraudulent psychiatric interventions. He’s
currently a member of the Eugene (Oregon)
based MindFreedom International. In
1978 he edited and self-published The History of Shock Treatment. Since
1995, he has edited Influencing Minds: A Reader in Quotations (Los
Angeles, Feral House), Random House Webster's
Quotationary (New York, Random House, 1998), and seven other collections of
quotations for Random House. In 2006, he edited The Electroshock
Quotationary, an e-book (http://www.endofshock.com/102C_ECT.PDF).
In September 2011, he co-published with Thomas Szasz and edited,
The Szasz Quotationary: The Wit and Wisdom
of Thomas Szasz, a Kindle e-book. He began tweeting in October 2012 (https://twitter.com/FrankAphorisms).
Since 1959, he’s resided in San Francisco.
Leonard passed away in mid-January, 2015 at age 82 following a fall. The
cause of the fall is not known as of this writing, but the doctor thinks it was
the result of some "event" such as a stroke. For remembrances of
Memoriam: Leonard Roy Frank at
Articles, Etc., By Leonard Roy Frank
Journey of Transformation, by Leonard Roy Frank, Street Spirit,
April, 2008. (5 Megabytes)
Electroshock Quotationary, June 2006
1985 Leonard Roy Frank
exchange with Eli Wiesel -- American Psychiatric Association Annual Meeting
- Electroshock Abuses, AHP
Perspectives, Association for Humanistic Psychology, January 1985: 14-15
Psychiatry's Cruel and Inhuman Punishment, The Tribue (Oakland),
October 1, 1984.
- On Brainwashing, Mind
Manipulation and Psychiatry, Street Spirit, October 2007.
- Safe from Chronic
Insanity?, Oakland Tribune, March 27, 1981.
- Chapter 5, The
Patient As Prisoner, in Shock Treatment Is Not Good For Your Brain, John
Friedberg, M.D., editor, Glide Publications, 1976.
- Was Jesus Mad? Berkely Barb,
March 31, 1972.
Psychiatry’s Unholy Trinity--Fraud, Fear And Force: A Personal Account,
by Leonard Roy Frank, appearing in Ideas on Liberty, August,
- Letter to the Capital
Times, June 26, 1995.
Mind's Like Swiss Cheese:" Sukhreet tells of Electroshocks, New York Post,
October 18, 1988.
Psychological Effects of ECT, Lucy Johnstone, Journal of Mental Health,
(1999) 8, 1, 69-85.
Not Objects: Our Fights to Be, Ronald Bassman, JCLP/In Session,
Electroconvulsive Therapy for Major Depression in the Oldest Old: Effects of
Medical Comorbidity on Post-Treatment Survivl, by David Kroessler, MD, Barry
S. Fogel, MD, American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 1:1 (1993)
Electroconvulsive Treatment, Neurology, and Psychiatry, by David Cohen, PhD,
Editor, Ethical Human Sciences and Services, Vol. 3, No. 2 (2001).
Lies and Psychiatry, by Yvonne Jones and Steve Baldwin, International
Journal of Psychology and Psychotherapy, June 1992.
was hooked up, switched on, blissed out, by Andy Behrman, New York Times
Magazine, January 24, 1999
Patients' Experiences of and Attitudes to Electroconvulsive Therapy, C.P.L.
Greeman and R. E. Kendal, Electroconvusive Therapy Clinical and Basic
Research Issues, Vol 462:341-352 (1986)
Electroconvulsive Therapy, the Self, and Family Relations, by Carol A.B.
Warren, Research in the Sociology of Health Care, Vol 7: 283-300
Hippocrates, by Russ Rymer (1989)
Emerge From Australian Hospital, The Jakarta Post, December 28, 1990.
I Saw Him
in Action, by Ernest W. Michel, The New York Times, March 6, 1985.
Electroshock Therapy: Let's Stop Blasting the Brain, by John Friedberg,
Psychology Today, August 1975
Shock Therapy: A Media Pet, The Capital Times (Madison, Wisconsin)
June 5, 1995
Thereapy Unsafe, Inhumane, by Ron Unger, Opinion, The Register-Guard
(Eugene, Oregon), April 5, 1995.
Testimony to New York Assembly Hearing on Electroshock, John Breeding, PhD,
July 18, 2001.
History of Electroconvulsive Therapy in the United States and Its Place in
American Psychiatry: A Personal Memoir, by Zigmond M. Legensohn,
Comprehensive Psychiatry, Vol 40, No. 3: 173-181 (1999).
and Ending ECT, by Bonnie Burstow, Canadian Woman Studies, Vol. 25,
No. 1,2 (2006)
Electroshock Consent Forms
Insulin Coma Articles
Miscellaneous Articles On
Treatment, Excerpts from the History of Shock Treatment, edited and
published by Leonard Roy Frank, 1978.
Torture: A personal Account, by Don Weitz, October 25, 2007.
The Killing of
Susan Kelly, by Dorothy Dundas, October 29, 2007.
The Shocking Truth (For
Susan), by Dorothy Washburn Dundas, reprinted from Jeanine Grobe, editor,
Beyond Bedlam: Contemporary Women Psychiatric Survivors Speak Out,
Chicago Third Side Press (1995)
Chapter Nine: The Geranium
in the Window, A sign for Cain: An Exploration of Human Violence, by Fredric
Werthan, M.D., The MacMillan Company, 1966
of Principles, Phoenix Rising, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, (1982).
Psychiatrists Say Goldwater Is Psychologically Unfit to be President,
Commentary: Mental Health and Violence Against Women: a Feminist Ex-Inmate
Analysis, Phoenix Rising, Nov. 1982.
Chapter VIII: Observations on the Operating Table in Psychosurgery: In
the Treatment of Mental Disorders and Intractable Pain, by Walter Freeman,
MD;, PhD, FACP; James W. Watts, MD, FACS, FICS,
Psychiatry as a Tool of Repression, by Jenny Miller, Science for the
People, 14-34 (March/April 1983).
Drug Addiction: For 25 Years Doctors Have Been Making Thier Mental Patients
Sicker, by Peter Sterling, The New Republic, December 8, 1979.
Indicate Big Problem of Abuse by Psychotherapists, by Scott Winokur, The
San Francisco Examiner, August 4, 1991.